Author Archives: westukr

Lviv Museums and Galleries

The Museum of Ethnography and Crafts in Lviv is the only one of the kind in Ukraine. A visit to the museum is a must for any who is interested in the spiritual and material culture of the Ukrainian people and for those who want to learn about local customs and traditions. They have unique collections of ceramics, woodcarving, embroidery, woven carpets, blown glass, and metal work of craftsmen from Lviv, the Hutsul region, and other western parts of Ukraine.
The Museum of Ukrainian Art and the Art Gallery are also worthy of mention. The Lviv Museum of Ukrainian Art is one of the richest treasures of national art relices. Of particular value is the unique 14th to 18th century collection of galician icons and decorative wood ingraving. Among the treasures of the museum are over 6,000 valuable manuscripts, monographs and old printed books.
The House museum of Ivan Trush, a prominent Ukrainian painter (1864-1941), is a brunch of the Museum of Ukrainian Art. A close friend of Ivan Franko, Lesya Ukrainka, and Vassil Stefanik, Trush headed progressive trends in West Ukrainian fine arts for more than 40 years. His numerous landscapes are an expression of the painter’s love for his motherland. His remarkable portraits of his contemporaries and his genre paintings depicting the life of the Hutsul peasants have become part of the treasury of the 20th century Ukrainian national art.


Lviv Region

The L’viv region is situated in the western part of Ukraine. There are 20 districts and 39 towns in it. The largest towns are L’viv, Drogobych, Chervonograd, Boryslav and Sambir.
Its population is 3 million people. The main ethnic groups are the Ukrainians (87,9 %), the Russians, the Poles, and the Jews.
The Carpathian Mountains are found in the southern part of the region. The Pikuj (1406 m) is the highest mountain in the L’viv region.
The Dnister is the largest river. Other rivers are the Styr, the Bug, and the Shklo. There are many lakes and forests in the region.
The L’viv region is an industrial one. There are many highly developed factories in it. Among them are Electron, Kineskop, and Switoch.
There are many general schools and higher educational establishments in the region. There are many museums, libraries, theatres, cinemas and clubs in it.


L’viv is a regional centre in Ukraine, one of its largest, oldest, and most beautiful cities.
The old part of the city was founded at the High Castle in the middle of the 13th century (1256). The founder of L’viv, Danilo Galitsky, built the castle-fortress and named it after his son Leo. The city played a great role in defending the western borders. For more than five centuries the Western Ukrainian region including ancient L’viv, remained under Polish and Austro-Hungarian rule.
In 1648 the troops of B. Khmelnitsky who led the liberation movement of Ukrainian people, together with Maxim Krivonis, liberated the city. The Polish nobility was unable to destroy the national culture of the Ukrainian people and a lot of the people remained true to their native language.
L’viv is a city of longstanding cultural traditions. Many famous writers, artists and public, and political figures such as M. Shashkevich, I. Franko, S. Tudor lived and worked there at different times.
Nowadays L’viv is a great intellectual centre in the western part of Ukraine. There are many institutes, the university, and secondary, and technical school in it: about 40 research and design institutes, 11 higher educational institutes, and 26 secondary and special education establishments.
L’viv is also a cultural centre. There are many theatres, cinemas, and museums there. Tourists from many countries come to our city to go sightseeing… Among the sights are High Castle, Rynok Square, Boims Chapel, many cathedrals, and the monument to Mitskevich.
L’viv has many beautiful parks and gardens. Stryisky park is one of the best, not only in L’viv, but in Europe, as well.
Now L’viv is a large industrial centre. The products of Lviv plants and factories are known all over the world.
We are proud of our city. L’viv, the administrative centre of the western region of Ukraine, is situated in the picturesque foothills of the Carpathian Mountains that form a natural division between the Bug and the Dnister Rivers.
L’viv is an ancient town. We find the earliest records of its existence in the Galitsk-Volynsky chronicle of 1256. It was founded by Danilo Galytiky, an outstanding figure of ancient Rus. Galytsky named the city after his son. Thanks to its favourable position on one of the busiest trade routes connecting the Baltic and the Black Seas, L’viv soon became an important commercial centre, a tempting prize for foreign invaders. In its long history it has survived forty fires and thirty wars.
L’viv has now become a big industrial, scientific and cultural centre of Ukraine. Goods bearing the trademark of L’viv enterprises are well known in many countries of the world.
Very popular are the local television sets, automatic loaders, and agricultural machines. L’viv is still proud of its skillful brewers, confectioners, and glass blowers.
L’viv is not only an industrial city. It is also called the student capital of Ukraine. The Polytechnical Institute and the Ivan Franko State University are the town’s oldest institutions of higher learning.
L’viv is a city of theatres and museums, such famous singers as Enrico Caruso and Tito Ruffo sang in its Opera and Ballet Theatre.
L’viv’s museums are real treasure. One can find much of interest in the local Historical Museum, dedicated to the struggle of the Ukrainian people for social liberation and national independence, and in the Ivan Franko Memorial Literary Museum, which familiariges visitors with the life and activities of this writer.
L’viv’s Art Gallery is one of the best in the country. It contains masterpieces by Rubens, Titian, and Goya, as well as works by Ukrainian and Russian artists.
The old centre of the city, Rynok (Market) Square, boasts many buildings from the 16th to the 18th centuries. Outstanding among them are the 16th century black shale building Chorna Kamyanytsya, a 16th century Renaissance palace, and the town hall.
The St. Nicolas Church built in 1292 and the Armenian Cathedral, the oldest part of which built of stone in 1363-1370, are particularly interesting, as well.
Lviv is a city of gardens, of which the oldest Striysky Park, known for its rare trees, is the largest and most picturesque.

The L’viv Historical Museum

The L’viv Historical Museum is one of the richest and oldest scientific and educational museums of this country. It has more than 300,000 exhibits. It was founded in 1940 and based on the collections of two smaller museums. The exhibits displayed in the 36 halls show major social development in western regions of the Ukraine from the earliest times to the present.
In the section on the History of Primitive society one can see relics of the Stones, Bronze, and Iron Ages as well as the work tools of the inhabit- ants of today’s area. The displays show the development of land cultivation, handicrafts, and trade in Kyivan Rus. A great number of exhibits represent the struggle of Ukrainian people for their freedom including the liberation war of the Ukrainian people against Polish gentry (1648-1654), and the Oprishki movement and Koliivshchina (1768). The showcases contain first editions of works by Ju. Fedkovich, I. Franko, O. Kobylyanska, O. Makovey. and V. Stefanik, and series of documents on the activity of the T. Shevchenko Scientific Society.
The material shows the development of science, education and culture. Here visitors can learn about L’viv’s secondary schools, its institutes, the development of literature, fine arts and music, and the creative work of the people. The collections are regularly renewed and replen¬ished with new material. Annually about half a million inhabitants of L’viv and the town’s guests come view the unique holding and collections.
The Lviv Historical Museum welcomes everyone who wants to learn more about the past and present of the western regions of Ukraine.

L’viv Opera and Ballet Theatre

Svoboda Avenue in L’viv, wide and lined with picturesque chestnut trees and maples, is crowned with the majestic building of the L’viv Opera and Ballet Theatre, named after Ivan Franko. It was built in the classical style by the local architect, Z. Gorgolevski.
The auditorium consists of stalls, a dresscircle, an upper circle and a gallery.
In the middle of the entrance hall there is a marble staircase leading to the upper circle.
The curtain “Parnassus”, decorating the stage was done by G. Semiradsky, a leading master painter.
Many famous actors and actresses, opera singers, and ballet dancers have performed on the stage of our theatre including M. Sadovsky, Ivan and Kateryna Rubchacs, and Sophia and Joseph Stadniks.